South Sudan Government Agreement

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Since the disagreement between the two leaders in 2013, more than 10 agreements and ceasefires have been reached and their failure to maintain an agreement, including power-sharing, has been at the heart of the conflict. “This agreement will focus on democracy, the economy and livelihoods. We will end the wars in Sudan, and that will mean regional and international peace.┬áThe parties were unable or unwilly to agree on the terms for the formation of a transitional government, in line with the revived 2018 peace agreement. The French representative said that inter-communal violence was continuing and called on the transitional government to implement the revived peace agreement. He also called for the full participation of women and youth in the peace process and stressed the importance of security sector reform, the establishment of a hybrid court and the protection of human rights for the establishment of lasting peace. In Jonglei, violence and impunity fuel human rights violations. It welcomed the adoption of a plan of action for children and called on the Transitional Government to maintain a moratorium on the death penalty and finally abolish the death penalty. The mission should be granted freedom of movement. Referring to the tragic humanitarian situation, he called for the rapid and unhindered flow of aid.

The representative of the Russian Federation noted the progress made in the peace process and said that the peace agreement was functioning two years after its signature and that the parties had committed themselves to implementing the agreement. In that regard, the international community should continue to lend its support. The parties have shown their willingness to overcome differences. She expressed concern about the increase in intercommunal violence and insisted that the situation should not be dramatized. There is no doubt that regional partners such as IGAD play a leading role in promoting peace in South Sudan. African problems need African solutions. Progress in the peace process is due to political will, not sanctions or unilateral measures. In that context, his delegation would like to see a comprehensive review of the sanctions. “We agreed to form the government on February 22,” former rebel leader Machar told reporters after a meeting at State House.

But the new statement says the transitional government will appoint governors for six states, the main opposition will appoint governors for three others, and the South Sudanese Opposition Alliance will appoint the governor of Jonglei state. As part of the deal, the current cabinet was dissolved in order to remove more members of the Den opposition. Correspondents say some issues remain unresolved, including power-sharing and the integration of rebel fighters, but the two sides have agreed to form a government and tackle other issues later. Elsewhere, progress has been painfully slow, he continued. Cabinet meetings are irregular and South Sudanese want the president and vice presidents to meet and work together. In the critical area of security sector reform, there has been almost no movement. The forces gathered for training have yet to graduate and the rest are leaving the camps due to a lack of food and other bottlenecks. Despite the insistence of the heads of state of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in July, the Transitional National Assembly has yet to be reconstituted, so that the necessary new laws are not adopted and constitutional progress has been delayed. COVID-19 has slowed down the implementation of the peace agreement, including meeting important benchmarks, but the pandemic is not the only cause. Persistent delays risk postponing the elections well beyond the timetable set out in the agreement. . .

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