Shimla Agreement Tibet


In February and March 1914, the Indian government opened bilateral negotiations with the Tibetans in Deli (the conference participants had withdrawn from the Simla winter) with the aim of obtaining Tibetan agreement on the alignment proposal. Not only were the borders of India and Tibet discussed at the conference, but at no time at the conference or, later, did the Chinese; For the Chinese representative in Simla, Ivan Chen was perfectly aware of the McMahon line. It would be a travesty to suggest anything else, since he was present at the signing ceremony of the Simla Convention on July 3, 1914. From January 15 to 31, 1914, talks were held on the Indo-Tibetan border between the Anglo-Indian government and Tibet. At the 4th Session of the Full Conference on February 17, 1914, McMahon presented a declaration on the territorial boundaries of Tibet. A map attached to the statement showed Tibet`s “historical borders,” which later became known as the McMahon Line. The border between Tibet and India was negotiated in Simla between representatives of the United Kingdom and Tibet in the absence of the Chinese representative. During the Simla conference, a map of the border between Tibet and India was provided as an annex to the proposed agreement. [16] [15] [a] [c] Negotiations failed when China and Tibet could not agree on the Sino-Tibetan border.

[18] Chinese plenipotentiary Ivan Chen initialled the treaty until it was validated by his government. He was then ordered by the Chinese government to reject his agreement. [10] On July 3, 1914, the British and Tibetan plenipotentiaries signed the convention without a Chinese signature. . . .

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